With the expansion of the food industry, this sector offers a variety of sustainable employment positions.
With land and water being finite resources, agriculture tends to face restrictions in food production. Therefore, biotechnology is used to improve both production and nutritional quality. Food technology, which involved biotechnology and plant food engineering, is a scientific stream that deals with the conversion of raw edible agricultural products into edible and innovative processed food products.
Techniques such as genetic engineering, cloning and selective cultivation help to increase the amount of food raw material. The sensory acceptability of fruits and vegetables can also be improved. In the fermented food sector, probiotics, enzymes and unicellular proteins can be identified and developed. Food technology can also help in areas such as cleaning, hygiene maintenance, smart packaging, and food shelf life.
Food factory engineering includes processing methods, preservation by drying, low temperature or heat treatment. Food process engineering covers the design and construction process of equipment and types of equipment used to package food, maintenance of the food storage area, automation and the use of robotics. to facilitate food workers.
A B.Tech in Food Technology offers core courses like chemistry, physics, engineering design, heat and mass transfer, refrigeration and air conditioning, and math, as well as specialty courses in grains, legumes, meat, poultry and fish processing, milk and dairy products. , bakery and confectionery, food chemistry, additives, food quality assurance, food microbiology, food safety and hygiene, and fruit and vegetable processing.
With the increase in the consumption of value-added and processed foods, the food industry has developed. New innovative techniques, scientific procedures and new processing equipment have led to products with a longer shelf life and specific foods are developed for each age group. The work of a food processor begins after the crops are harvested. The quality of the raw material, the way it is transported and stored, pre-treatment and final processing, packaging, storage and marketing, taste and shelf life all come into play.
Food technology is a promising sector that offers a sustainable and secure career with competitive incomes. Students who opt for this field learn basic processing methods and principles of processing, sources of food raw materials, post-harvest processing, transportation and storage of raw foods and processed food products. They also learn how to extract the ingredients, additives and combinations to prepare a specific product, in addition to quality and safety testing.
In addition to government and the private sector, one can also become an entrepreneur. Positions range from laboratory analyst to food processing operator, machinery inspection, food handling, scientific researchers, organic chemists, food inspector, managers and accountants. Hospitals, restaurants, food processors, food services, food research laboratories, retailers, wholesalers, the packaging industry and government agencies like FSSAI and FCI and warehouses are all areas to research.
The author is the Dean, UPES School of Health Sciences, UPES University